The Puerta del Mar University Hospital in Cádiz records fewer cardiovascular episodes (heart attack and angina pectoris) in high-risk subjects when the Cadiz and greater when he loses.
There are fewer visits to the ER for chest pain on the days the team plays, but those visits increase on the days they suffer a loss on the road. At the same time, admissions for ischemic heart disease increase the days in which the Cadiz he loses at home, while the days he wins away from home decrease.
These results are derived from an analysis of visits to the emergency room for chest pain and admissions for acute coronary syndrome carried out based on the team’s football calendar during the years 2018, 2019 and 2020.
During this study period, more than 10,000 people attended the emergency room for this reason, of which more than 2,000 were admitted for heart attack or angina.
The study, presented during the congress that Spanish Society of Cardiology (SEC) celebrate this week in Saragossa, He appreciated some differences between the pre-covid era and the post-lockdown stage but still without an audience in the stands.
When it was not possible to attend the stadium, the number of emergency services increased on the days when the home team lost away, while the number of visits decreased on those days when they won at home.
Regarding income, after confinement they decreased when the team lost premises, contrary to what was observed before the pandemic.
The SEC recalls that “physical and emotional stress has been correlated on numerous occasions in the scientific literature with the incidence of arrhythmias and acute coronary syndrome, which is why some international studies already pointed to the relationship of sporting events with hospital admissions for these reasons in the most ardent fans. “
“This is the first analysis that demonstrates this hypothesis in our country”, highlights the organization.
The patients who were admitted during match days were more hypertensive, more diabetic and more dyslipidemic (with altered levels of lipids and proteins in the blood). After confinement, the degree of control of these cardiovascular risk factors was even worse, according to the Cadiz hospital study.
“It is likely that what we are observing is that, added to the poor control of cardiovascular risk factors that existed before 2020, a loss of therapeutic adherence occurred during confinement that has promoted a worsening of them”, considers the doctor Juan Enrique Puche, first signatory of the study.
“This, added to the greater global stress of the pandemic due to job instability, doubts about one’s own health, etc., and the prohibition of attending the football stadium, may have skewed the profile of patients admitted for ischemic heart disease,” the specialist.
“The study should help us to emphasize those subjects who are more vulnerable and try to implement preventive measures that avoid this outcome,” he added.
Faced with this reality, SEC He recalled some basic rules to “live football with passion, but also with health and prevent heart attacks”, among which he mentions “not taking the game too seriously and not getting carried away excessively by emotions”, “doing some exercise before the game to release adrenaline “and” not to smoke or at least not smoke more than usual, because tobacco increases the chances of a clot forming inside the coronary arteries. “
In addition, it is advised “not to ingest beverages with high alcohol content” to avoid a rise in blood pressure, “to avoid eating copiously before and during the encounter” and to go to the hospital in the event of any alarming symptoms such as pain in the chest, jaw , in the arms or in the upper part of the stomach.
“If our team wins, we must not allow ourselves to be carried away by excessive euphoria, since that can lead to extraordinary efforts. And if it loses, we must not be carried away by sadness. Optimism will always favor health,” recalls the SEC.