International Amnesty has asked this Monday at FIFA to pressure Qatar, host of the 2022 World Cup, to improve the situation of migrant workers in the country, and although it believes that it has carried out “positive reforms”, these have not been adequately developed.
In a four-page letter to FIFA President Gianni Infantino, Amnesty International demanded that the governing body of world football take “urgent and concrete measures” to pressure Qatar to carry out a labor reform program before the tournament. As the organizer of the World Cup, FIFA has a duty to “limit the danger to human rights,” according to Amnesty.
Qatar has been criticized by human rights groups for many years, But it has carried out reforms that, for example, facilitate strict rules on leaving the country. These reforms have also been praised by Amnesty and the United Nations (UN).
In response to Amnesty, Qatar said it has developed comprehensive reforms and that progress is being made as quickly as possible. “Our labor reform program has addressed issues at all stages of the migration cycle and has achieved significant results,” he said in a statement from the Government Communications Office.
“Labor reform is a complex task that takes time and requires effective and lasting solutions. We believe these solutions are best found through dialogue and commitment.“The statement added. He is also open to working closely with his international partners, including Amnesty International, to” ensure that laws are effectively implemented and enforced. “
Legislation establishing a minimum wage went into effect in Qatar on Saturday, as part of major changes in the job market in the Gulf country. Qatar established a monthly minimum wage of 1,000 Qatari riyals (about $ 275 or 231 euros) for both Qataris and migrants, becoming the first country in the region to adopt a non-discriminatory minimum wage.
Under the law, employers must also pay subsidies for food and housing, respectively, if they do not provide them directly to workers.
Amnesty said the World Cup would not be possible without migrant workers because they represent 95 percent of the workforce in Qatar. There have been recent boycott calls, but Amnesty opposes them because a boycott would only make the situation worse.
The calls came after the British newspaper The Guardian reported that 6,500 people from five Asian countries have died in Qatar since the tournament was awarded in 2010; the data did not specify in which part of the country they worked. The country said the death rate was at an expected number, as 1.4 million people from the five countries are working in Qatar.